Explore additional resources of interest.

Expert perspectives videos

Hear from the experts as they discuss the Ang–Tie pathway and its importance in retinal diseases.

VEGF inhibition and beyond: Building on existing foundations

Patricio G. Schlottmann, MD
Charles Wykoff, MD, PhD
Anat Loewenstein, MD

Introduction to angiopoietins

Pipsa Saharinen, PhD
University of Helsinki
Helsinki, Finland

Vascular stability: What is it really?

Patricio G. Schlottmann, MD
Organizacion Medica de Investigacion
Buenos Aires, Argentina

It’s all in the balance: Ang-1 vs Ang-2

Anat Loewenstein, MD
Tel Aviv Medical Center
Tel Aviv, Israel

Ang-2 and vascular instability: Explore the evidence

Charles Wykoff, MD, PhD
Retina Consultants of Houston
Houston, Texas, United States

Ang-2 promotes endothelial permeability

Pipsa Saharinen, PhD
University of Helsinki
Helsinki, Finland

Downloadable resources

Learn more about the role of angiopoietins in vascular stability and retinal disease.

Angiopoietins: Key regulators of vascular stability

Download a detailed illustration showing how Ang-1 and Ang-2 promote vascular stability or instability.



Find answers to common questions related to angiopoietins and retinal diseases.


AMD, age-related macular degeneration; Ang, angiopoietin; CNV, choroidal neovascularisation; DR, diabetic retinopathy; DME, diabetic macular edema; RPE, retinal pigment epithelium; RVO, retinal vein occlusion; Tie, tyrosine kinase with immunoglobulin-like domains; VEGF, vascular endothelial growth factor.

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